FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers will probably find their credit scores falling above 620.
Your score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is there any way to improve your FICO score? Since the FICO score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your score, you must know your score and make sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: 866-584-4650.